Peter is the Greek translation of the Aramaic Cephas, the name Jesus gave Simon when he was called to be a disciple (John 1:42).
Last week we talked about Peterine and Pauline christianity, I would remind you these are debatable issues. I believe without a doubt there is only one faith one christianity and one church. However, there are characteristics that each bring out in their letters and teachings.
Lets talk some more about Peter as we move into Chap 2:
Scriptures on Peter that come to mind:
15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 And Jesus answered him, “You are blessed, Simon son of Jonah, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father in heaven! 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overpower it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven, and whatever you release on earth will have been released in heaven
Matt 17 The Transfiguration
But Peter stood up with the eleven, raised his voice, and addressed them: “You men of Judea and all you who live in Jerusalem, know this and listen carefully to what I say.
Peter's name was recognized throughout the young christian church. His authority was unquestioned and he taught and nutured the church from Rome to Jerusalem.
Now the Text:
Introduction: WE covered this last week but a couple of notes below
Note on 1:2 "foreknowledge" translation:
Peter elaborated on the descriptive term “God’s elect” (cf. 2:9) who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God. God’s choice is part of His predetermined plan, and is not based on any merit in those who are elected, but solely on His grace and love for them before their creation.
As the Williams translation puts it, God’s choosing is “in accordance with” (kata) or in keeping with His foreknowledge. This seems preferable to the view that election follows or is based on foreknowledge. Moreover the word for foreknowledge (prognōsin) means more than a passive foresight; it contains the idea of “having regard for” or “centering one’s attention on” (cf. Kenneth S. Wuest, First Peter in the Greek New Testament for the English Reader, p. 15). The same word is used in 1:20 of Christ who was “chosen” by the Father before Creation. The Father did more than merely know about His Son ahead of time; He knew Him completely. Thus God chose all those on whom He focused His attention (by His grace, not because of their merit).
Verse 22: (which is where we went into the Peterine vs pauline teaching)
22 You have purified your souls by obeying the truth in order to show sincere mutual love. So love one another earnestly from a pure heart. 23 You have been born anew, not from perishable but from imperishable seed, through the living and enduring word of God.
24 For all flesh is like grass
and all its glory like the flower of the grass;
the grass withers and the flower falls off,
25 but the word of the Lord endures forever.
And this is the word that was proclaimed to you.
Verse 24 & 25 are from Isa. 40:6,8
I read this and BAM, there it was.
Verse 16 for it is written, “You shall be holy, because I am holy.”34
We have a sermon, styled in the old Levitical way in a sense, nothing extrodinary, I just didn't see it the first time.
So lets examine the sermon:
A Call to Holiness:
This is without a doubt an emphasis of Peter's, hence the Peterine/Pauline reference.
Now I am not sure what that means to you, but what it meant to the readers is important.
First, I believe their is a transition here. Peter is talking to both Jew and Gentile here dont forget that. We have a "post" apostolic age command.
Verse 16 is a ref.. from Lev 19:2
Verse 18: the inheiritance both Jew and Gentile?
The reason is Christ, you are bought and paid for, your life purchased, redeemed and fulfilled.
The new birth (23) a christian principle. Then the play on words in 2:2 spiritual milk, Gr Logikos.. a play on Logos, literaly that is the word of God.
Peter then listed five sins of attitude and speech, which if harbored would drive wedges between believers. Malice (kakian) is wicked ill-will; deceit (dolon) is deliberate dishonesty; hypocrisy (hypokriseis), pretended piety and love; envy (phthonous), resentful discontent; and slander (katalalias), backbiting lies. None of these should have any place in those who are born again. Rather, in obedience to the Word, believers are to make decisive breaks with the past.
Holiness in Practice:
THE PRACTICE (2:4-10). PETER THEN USED A NEW METAPHOR IN HIS EXHORTATION TO HOLY LIVING. HIS READERS, HAVING PURIFIED THEMSELVES, WERE READY FOR THE PRACTICE OR MINISTRY OF HOLINESS. NO LONGER BABIES, THEY WERE TO GROW UP TOGETHER TO OFFER SPIRITUAL SACRIFICES AS A CHOSEN “ROYAL PRIESTHOOD.”
Your are chosen, so be Holy.